January 1 – UN sponsored ceasefire brings an end to the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. The war results in a stalemate and the division of Kashmir, which is still continuing as of 2014. (In compiling these events, I find it astounding how many things continue to this day!)
January 5 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program.
January 17 – The first VW Type 1 to arrive in the United States, a 1948 model, is brought to New York by Dutch businessman Ben Pon. Unable to interest dealers or importers in the Volkswagen, Pon sells the sample car to pay his travel expenses. Only two 1949 models were sold in America that year, convincing Volkswagen chairman Heinrich Nordhoff the car had no future in the U.S. (The Type 1 went on to become an automotive phenomenon.)
March 25 – Operation Priboi: An extensive deportation campaign begins in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltic states to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
April 4 – twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty establishing NATO
George Orwell‘s dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is published in London by Secker & Warburg. (rather ironic that 1984 was published at the same time that the “Red Scare” was at its height in the U.S.
June 19 – Glenn Dunaway wins the inaugural NASCAR race at Charlotte Speedway, a 3/4 mile oval in Charlotte, North Carolina, but is disqualified due to illegal springs. Jim Roper is declared the official winner. (and the sports world dominates to this day, with similar stories of illegal whatevers whenevers)
June 29 - Apartheid become official in S. Africa: The South African Citizenship Act suspends the granting of citizenship to British Commonwealth immigrants after 5 years and imposes a ban on mixed marriage.
August 8 - Bhutan becomes independent
August 12 -The Fourth Geneva Convention is agreed to.
August 14 -
The Council of Europe meets for the first time.
August 31 – The retreat of the Greek Democratic Army in Albania after its defeat at Mount Grammos marks the end of the Greek Civil War.
September 6 - Howard Unruh, a World War II veteran, kills thirteen neighbors in Camden, New Jersey with a souvenir Parabellum P.08 pistol to become America’s first single-episode mass murderer. (and so it began and the NRA is still screaming “2nd amendment!”
Sept. 21 – German Federal Republic (West Germany) established
October 7 – The Democratic Republic of Germany DDR is officially established. (the other side).
November 17- Second trial of Alger Hiss begins in New York, again with Whittaker Chambers as principal witness
November 24 – The ski resort in Squaw Valley, California officially opens.
November 27 – Indonesia is recognized.
and some more events of 1949:
1949 was the first year in which no African-American was reported lynched in the USA.
This also seems to be the year that pinup pictures with focus on breasts became mainstream.